These cool season vegetables can be grown anywhere in the world where and when the days do not get above 80F, below 28F, and there are at least 6 hours of daylight.

Here in much of the Southwest – that means that you plant them in the Autumn and grow them through the Winter.  Depending on where you live, you may be able to plant again in January and February and get an extra crop before heat arrives.  See my article about Growing Cool Season Vegetables – here.

Cole or Brassica Crops

Anything in this group should NOT be planted in the same soil each year.  This means you need to rotate your planting.  If your garden is too small – consider growing these in containers.
broccoli (Brassica oleracea, Italica Group)
leaf broccoli, leaf (Brassica oleracea)
broccoli raab (Brassica rapa subspecies rapa )
Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea, Gemmifera Group)
cabbage (Brassica oleracea, Capitata Group)
cauliflower (Brassica oleracea, Botrytis Group)
Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa, Pekinensis Group)
choy or choi cabbages (Brassica rapa, Chinensis Group)
kale (Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group)
kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea, Gongylodes Group)
mizuna (Brassica rapa var. japonica)
turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa)
rutabaga (Brassica napobrassica)
tatsoi (Brassica rapa var. narinosa)


General Crops

arugula (Eruca sativa, also sold as Eruca versicaria)
beets (Beta vulgaris, Crassa Group)
carrot (Daucus carota var. sativus)
celery (Apium graveolens var. dulce)
celeriac (Apium graveolens var. rapaceum)
chard (Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group)
chickpea or garbanzo (Cicer arietinum)

fennel, bronze (Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce)
fennel, bulbing (Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum)

parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

pea (Pisum sativum)
potato (Solanum tuberosum)
radish (Raphanus sativus)
radish, Daikon (Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus)


Onion Family Crops

garlic (use softneck varieties) (Allium sativum varieties)

bulbing onions (Allium cepa var. cepa)
Japanese bunching onion (Allium fistulosum)
I’itoi onions (Allium cepa var. aggregatum) – a locally adapted mutltiplier onion
multiplier onions (Allium cepa var. aggregatum)
scallions (Allium cepa var. cepa) – best planted in cool soils
shallots – species vary, generally (Allium cepa var. aggregatum)
shallot, Persian shallot (Allium stipitatum)
shallot, French grey shallot (Allium oschaninii)

Greens for the Cool Season

arugula (Eruca sativa, also sold as Eruca versicaria)

chard (Beta vulgaris, Cicla Group)

cress, upland cress (Barbarea verna)
cress, curly cress (Lepidium sativium)
cress, watercress (Nasturtium officinale)

European spinach (Spinaceia oleracea) (NOT New Zealand spinach)
lettuce (Lactuca sativa)
mache (Valerianella locusta) also called corn salad or lambs lettuce
mesclun mix: mixed seed
microgreens: mixed seed
mizuna (Brassica rapa var. japonica) – note this is a Cole crop – see above
mustard (Brassica juncea) – note this is a Cole crop – see above
orach (Atriplex hortensis)
shamrock (Oxalis species)
sorrel (Rumex acetosa)
sorrel, wood sorrel (Oxalis species)
tatsoi (Brassica rapa var. narinosa) – note this is a Cole crop – see above


Cool Season Herbs

That is an extensive topic for another page.

Need More Vegetable Garden Help?

May I recommend my book?  The Southwest Fruit & Vegetable Guide offers not just growing guides but some of the latest varieties – including ones specifically for raised bed and container growing. Price is what you would pay on Amazon – only when you buy from me you get a signed copy!soule-books-buy

From the review:

In this updated 2nd edition of Southwest Fruit & Vegetable Gardening, you’ll find much-needed advice and practical tips on growing an edible garden, no matter which part of the southwestern US you call home.

Growing in the Southwest isn’t easy. It’s either too hot or too cold and often very dry. The region hosts a range of soils and climate conditions that can be difficult for a gardener to navigate. That’s why this region-specific garden guide is a must-have for every Southwestern gardener!

Botanist Dr. Jacqueline Soule simplifies the ins and outs of gardening in the Southwest and serves as your guide to success. Regardless of whether you’re tending an in-ground plot, a small container garden, or a series of raised beds, Southwest Fruit & Vegetable Gardening is an invaluable resource.”

Profits from the sale of this book go to the Arizona-based Horticulture Therapy non-profit Tierra del Sol Institute.

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